30 July 2011

Symptoms of HIV

HIV is one of the most widespread diseases of our times and is slowly taking the form of an epidemic. It therefore becomes important for us, that we become increasingly aware of this great threat to entire mankind. Sadly we are not left with too many options, mainly because HIV is still an incurable disease.

One of the major reasons of the widespread advance of HIV is that in most of the cases it is not actually accompanied by any visible symptoms in the initial stages. However signs begin to show, once the immune system breaks down, and the person is on the verge of developing AIDS.

A person infected with HIV may show some or all of the following symptoms:

Fever - Fever or Pyrexia refers to a condition where a person suffers from increased body temperature i.e. a body temperature higher than 98.6 degree F. It is accompanied by an increased heart rate, muscle tone, as well as shivering.

Night sweats - Night sweats can be referred to as severe hot flashes which occur during the night, resulting in severe perspiration. At times patient gets totally drenched in sweat. Such a stage may last between 30 seconds to several minutes as well.

Chronic yeast infection or thrush - A person infected with HIV may develop chronic yeast infection and thrush, which is an infection of the mucous membrane of the mouth, caused by Candida (a fungal genus).

Bouts of extreme exhaustion - A person infected with HIV may suffer from extreme bouts of exhaustion, which are often unexplained. Such unnatural occurrences may happen any time and are warning signs for the patient.

Body rashes - A patient may develop rashes on the skin which may be localized to one area, or may be spread on a wider area. Such a condition is quite normal, and is often ignored, resulting in severe consequences.

Easy bruising - A person suffering from HIV may develop easy bruising on the body. This may happen any time and are often unexplained. As the immune system is already damaged, the bruises do not heal easily and may result in open wounds.

Lesions - Appearance of purplish lesions on the skin or the mouth is another common symptom in such case. These lesions may be localized, as well as spread over a wide area.

Sudden weight loss - This is another symptom which should not be taken lightly. An infected person may lose weight drastically, often within a few weeks time.

Chronic Diarrhea - An infected person would in all probability suffer from chronic diarrhea, which may last for a month or more. Such a condition is extremely critical and needs immediate action.

Although HIV is incurable, yet proper care as well as medication can help in delaying the development of AIDS.

Aids : Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
HIV : Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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